Randall Lesaffer The French invasion of the Spanish Netherlands in May marked the beginning of the first, and shortest, offensive war that Louis XIV — would launch during his long, personal rule —
The Paris Peace Conference opened on Jan. The delegations of 27 nations harassed the Great Powers with their various and conflicting complaints and demands. Woodrow Wilson to arrange a general armistice in Octoberit declared that it accepted the Fourteen Points he had formulated as the basis for a just peace.
The first three in particular made the important decisions. None of the defeated nations had any say in shaping the treaty, and even the associated Allied powers played only a minor role. The German delegates were presented with a fait accompli.
They were shocked at the severity of the terms and protested the contradictions between the assurances made when the armistice was negotiated and the actual treaty. The population and territory of Germany was reduced by about 10 percent by the treaty. In the west, Alsace and Lorraine were returned to France, and the Saarland was placed under the supervision of the League of Nations until In the north, three small areas were given to Belgiumand, after a plebiscite in Schleswignorthern Schleswig was returned to Denmark.
The war guilt clause of the treaty deemed Germany the aggressor in the war and consequently made Germany responsible for making reparations to the Allied nations in payment for the losses and damage they had sustained in the war.
Although economists at the time declared that such a huge sum could never be collected without upsetting international finances, the Allies insisted that Germany be made to pay, and the treaty permitted them to take punitive actions if Germany fell behind in its payments. The Big Four, especially Clemenceau, wanted to make sure that Germany would never again pose a military threat to the rest of Europe, and the treaty contained a number of stipulations to guarantee this aim.
The German army was restricted tomen; the general staff was eliminated; the manufacture of armoured cars, tanks, submarines, airplanes, and poison gas was forbidden; and only a small number of specified factories could make weapons or munitions. All of Germany west of the Rhine and up to 30 miles 50 km east of it was to be a demilitarized zone.
The forced disarmament of Germany, it was hoped, would be accompanied by voluntary disarmament in other nations. Economic sanctions would be applied against any member who resorted to war. The league was to supervise mandated territories, the occupied Saar Basin, and Danzig and to formulate plans for reducing armaments.
Numerous concessions were made to Germany before the rise of Adolf Hitlerand by only the territorial settlement articles remained. Many historians claim that the combination of a harsh treaty and subsequent lax enforcement of its provisions paved the way for the upsurge of German militarism in the s.
The huge German reparations and the war guilt clause fostered deep resentment of the settlement in Germany, and when Hitler remilitarized the Rhineland in a violation of the treatythe Allies did nothing to stop him, thus encouraging future German aggression.
Learn More in these related Britannica articles:The peace treaties of – The roles of individuals such as Wilson, Clemenceau and Lloyd George in the peacemaking process The impact of the treaties on the defeated countries o contemporary opinions about the treaties. But so momentous were the consequences for subsequent world history of the eventual end of the conflict – the Versailles and other treaties that emerged from the Paris Peace Conference, and the movements that sought to influence them – that organizers are already mobilizing for a “major international conference” on the subject in the.
Las Cumbres Eagles'09 - More on: Were the Peace Treaties of fair? I have found a very useful page which is about the treaty of versailles and the peace treaties of But the feeling y think was the most important was that they were disappointed.
4)The treaty was justified by saying that Germany was the country that. The ‘Other’ WW1 Peace Treaties This is a transcript of the ‘Other’ WW1 Peace Treaties podcast from rutadeltambor.com While the Treaty of Versailles often receives the most focus in terms of the post-WW1 peace treaties, there were another four treaties .
Was The Treaty Of Versailles Justified? The Treaty Of Versailles was an agreement between 32 nations deciding the fate of Germany.
It was needed badly as war torn Europe was in turmoil. Were the peace treaties of - fair?
4 star(s) Turkey was also made to pay reparations. This was fair, Non-Turkish people in the Turkish Empire had. Interpretation of Peace Treaties, ICJ Rep. , at et seq.
be justified if it were shown by the attitude of the Parties that they desired such a reversal in order to facilitate the constitution of the Commissions in accordance with the terms of the Treaties.
But such is not the present case.