The types of competencies in writing

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The types of competencies in writing

Performance-based learning and assessment represent a set of strategies for the acquisition and application of knowledge, skills, and work habits through the performance of tasks that are meaningful and engaging to students. Balance in Literacy Performance-based learning and assessment achieve a balanced approach by extending traditional fact-and-skill instruction Figure 1.

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Performance-based learning and assessment are not a curriculum design. Whereas you decide what to teach, performance-based learning and assessment constitute a better way to deliver your curriculum. Because authentic tasks are rooted in curriculum, teachers can develop tasks based on what already works for them.

Through this process, assignments become more authentic and more meaningful to students.

The types of competencies in writing

What Is the Balance? Content Knowledge The subject area content can come from already defined curriculums or can be enhanced by the adoption of a set of themes or topics by the department, grade-level team, school, or school system. Process Skills Higher-order thinking or process skills can come from the various disciplines, such as writing or proofreading from language arts or math computation and problem-solving skills.

Other process skills cut across subject area lines or may be identified as areas of need based on standardized testing e. Work Habits Time management, individual responsibility, honesty, persistence, and intrapersonal skills, such as appreciation of diversity and working cooperatively with others, are examples of work habits necessary for an individual to be successful in life.

They are both an integral part of the learning and The types of competencies in writing opportunity to assess the quality of student performance.

When the goal of teaching and learning is knowing and using, the performance-based classroom emerges. Performance tasks range from short activities taking only a few minutes to projects culminating in polished products for audiences in and outside of the classroom.

In the beginning, most performance tasks should fall on the short end of the continuum. Teachers find that many activities they are already doing can be shaped into performance-learning tasks. The development of performance-assessment tasks is no exception.

With a little practice, however, teachers find that they can easily and quickly develop performance tasks and assessment lists. This process is further simplified as teachers and schools begin to collect and maintain lists of generic tasks and assessments that teachers can adapt for individual lessons.

Teachers find assessment lists a more efficient way of providing feedback to students than traditional methods, thus saving time in the long run.

Finally, as students work with performance assessment, the quality of their work improves, reducing the time teachers must spend assessing and grading student work.

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Examples of Performance Tasks Performance tasks should be interesting to the student and well connected to the important content, process skills, and work habits of the curriculum. Sometimes students can help in constructing these tasks and assessment lists.

The following are three performance tasks that call for graphs: Upper Level Middle or High School Provide the students with a copy of a speeding ticket that shows how the fine is determined. Make a graph that shows teenagers in our town how much it will cost them if they are caught speeding.

Excellent graphs will be displayed in the Driver's Education classroom. Your help is needed to make graphs that show how many vehicles go through that intersection at certain times of the day.

The types of competencies in writing

Excellent graphs will be sent to the Chief of Police. Place a flashlight at one end, while darkening the other by folding over the box top.

Make a graph that shows how many caterpillars move to the light and how many move to the dark part of the box. Your graphs will be displayed at Open House.

Assessment lists also enable the teacher to efficiently provide students with information on the strengths and weaknesses of their work. In creating performance task assessment lists, teachers focus on what students need to know and be able to do. One result is that teachers can more consistently and fairly evaluate and grade student work.

Information from performance task assessment lists also helps students set learning goals and thus helps teachers focus subsequent instruction. Parents can also use assessment lists to monitor their student's work in school and to help their children check their own work at home.

Examples of Performance Task Assessment Lists This chapter includes several examples of assessment lists; the first three are lists for assessing student-made graphs.

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The upper-level format Exhibit 1 is used in middle and high school. It lists the important elements and provides three columns of lines.It is understood that there are many competencies beyond assessment competencies which teachers must possess.

By establishing standards for teacher competence in student assessment, the associations subscribe to the view that student assessment is an essential part of teaching and that good teaching cannot exist without good student assessment.

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Competency Models. A competency model is a descriptive tool that identifies the competencies needed to operate in a specific role within a(n) job, occupation, organization, or industry. Simply stated, a competencies might include reading, writing, computation, listening, questioning, speaking.

iNACOL Blended Learning Teacher Competency Framework 7 Focus on Competencies Our use of the term “competencies”, rather than “standards” or “skills”, is intentional.

ACADEMIC LITERACY: A Statement of Competencies Expected of Students Entering California’s Public Colleges and Universities Intersegmental Committee of the Academic Senates of the California Community Colleges, the California State University, and the University of California.

Examples of competencies and skills include teamwork, responsibility and commitment to career, excellent communication, and leadership and organizational skills. Other skills and competencies include problem-solving ability, trustworthiness and decision-making ability.

Competencies are qualities.

Professional Knowledge for the Teaching of Writing - NCTE