Is psychodynamic psychology universally accepted? Essay - Paper Example Is psychodynamic psychology universally accepted? Essay Totem and Taboo is a book Freud regarded as one of his best - Is psychodynamic psychology universally accepted?
Several perspectives models, approaches derived from data and theories attempt to explain the causes of abnormal behavior. Those who hold a medical perspective focus on biological and physiological factors as causes of abnormal behavior, which is treated as a disease, or mental illness, and is diagnosed through symptoms and cured through treatment.
Hospitalization and drugs are often preferred methods of treatment rather than psychological investigation.
Recent research linking biochemical disorders with some abnormal behaviors has provided some support for this approach.
The psychodynamic perspective, proposed as an alternative to the medical model, evolved from Freudian psychoanalytic theory, which contends that psychological disorders are the consequence of anxiety produced by unresolved, unconscious conflicts.
Treatment focuses on identification and resolution of the conflicts. Those espousing a behavioral perspective contend that abnormal behavior results from faulty or ineffective learning and conditioning.
Treatments are designed to reshape disordered behavior and, using traditional learning procedures, to teach new, more appropriate, and more adaptive responses. For example, a behavioral analysis of a case of child abuse might suggest that a father abuses his children because he learned the abusive behavior from his father and must now learn more appropriate parenting tactics.
According to the cognitive perspective, people engage in abnormal behavior because of particular thoughts and behaviors that are often based upon their false assumptions.
Treatments are oriented toward helping the maladjusted individual develop new thought processes and new values. Therapy is a process of unlearning maladaptive habits and replacing them with more useful ones.
Cultural variables, acquired through learning and cognitive processes, are believed to be important in producing abnormal behavior. Anorexia nervosa and bulimia, for example, are psychological disorders found mostly in Western cultures, which value the thin female body.When examining psychological theories of crime, one must be cognizant of the three major rutadeltambor.com first is psychodynamic theory, which is centered on the notion that an individual’s early childhood experience influences his or her likelihood for committing future rutadeltambor.com second is behavioral theory.
For each of the major perspectives, the following will be required to understand and know: A.Â Historical and cultural context of the perspective. “Psychodynamic theory” consists of many different psychoanalytic theories that have evolved over time Drive or Structural Theory Ego Psychology Object Relations Theory Self Psychology Attachment & Relational Theories 4.
Fonagy has said: “At any time, psychoanalytic theory is HUTCHISON’S PERSPECTIVES EVIDENT IN PSYCHODYNAMIC.
Psychodynamic therapy is the kind of talk therapy many people imagine when they think of psychological treatment for rutadeltambor.com's because the image of . Humanistic And Psychodynamic Perspectives Psychology Essay. Print Reference this.
Disclaimer: Humanistic and psychodynamic perspectives are the complete opposite of each other. (Theoretical perspectives in psychology, n.d, para.
3). Humanistic theory focuses on the positive influences of behaviour such as uniqueness, choice, self.
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