The Dream of the Rood and the Image of Christ in the Early Middle Ages Jeannette C Brock Though the author of the book of Hebrews states that "Jesus is the same yesterday and today and forever" 1 it is clear that humankind's image of Christ has changed throughout the ages. Jaroslav Pelikan, author of Jesus Through the Centuries, writes: In order to emphasize the momentous triumph of the crucifixion, the poet of "The Dream of the Rood" depicts Christ as an aggressive warrior who boldly confronts and defeats sin.
Background information[ edit ] A part of The Dream of the Rood can be found on the 8th century Ruthwell Crosswhich is an 18 feet 5. There is an excerpt on the cross that was written in runes along with scenes from the Gospels, lives of saints, images of Jesus healing the blind, the Annunciationand the story of Egypt, as well as Latin antiphons and decorative scroll-work.
Although it was torn down after the Scottish Reformationit was possible to mostly reconstruct it in the 19th century. The Vercelli Book, which can be dated to the 10th century, includes twenty-three homilies interspersed with six poems: The Ruthwell Cross The author of Dream of the Rood is unknown, but by knowing the approximate date of the Ruthwell Cross, scholars have been able to suggest possible authors.
However, recent scholarly thinking about the cross tends to see the runes as a later addition to an existing monument with images. Furthermore, Stephens claims that there is a runic inscription on the Ruthwell Cross, that, when translated, comes to mean "Caedmon made me".
Cynewulf lived roughly c. Two of Cynewulf's signed poems were discovered in the Vercelli Book, which includes Cynewulf's holy cross poem "Elene" as well as Dream of the Rood. Dietrich makes four main arguments: In this dream or vision he is speaking to the Cross on which Jesus was crucified.
The poem itself is divided up into three separate sections: Initially when the dreamer sees the Cross, he notes how it is covered with gems. He is aware of how wretched he is compared to how glorious the tree is.
However, he comes to see that amidst the beautiful stones it is stained with blood. The Crucifixion story is told from the perspective of the Cross. It begins with the enemy coming to cut the tree down and carrying it away. The tree learns that it is not to be the bearer of a criminal, but instead Christ crucified.
The Lord and the Cross become one, and they stand together as victors, refusing to fall, taking on insurmountable pain for the sake of mankind. It is not just Christ, but the Cross as well that is pierced with nails.
Thieme remarks, "The cross itself is portrayed as his lord's retainer whose most outstanding characteristic is that of unwavering loyalty ". Then, just as with Christ, the Cross is resurrected, and adorned with gold and silver. The Cross then charges the visionary to share all that he has seen with others.
In section three, the author gives his reflections about this vision. The vision ends, and the man is left with his thoughts. He gives praise to God for what he has seen and is filled with hope for eternal life and his desire to once again be near the glorious Cross.
Scholars like Faith H.
Patten divide the poem into three parts, based on who is speaking: Introductory Section lines 1—26Speech of the Cross lines 28—and Closing Section lines —The Dream of the Rood is one of the Christian poems in the corpus of Old English literature and an example of the genre of dream poetry.
Like most Old English poetry, it is written in alliterative verse. Rood is from the Old English word rod 'pole', or more specifically 'crucifix'.
Imagery in The Dream of the Rood The Dream of the Rood is an Old English religious poem by an unknown author, which dates back to at least the tenth century. It is an interesting piece for a variety of reasons, one of which is its use of word imagery to convey its subject matter.
The Anglo-Saxon poem known as The Dream of the Rood brings, more than a thousand years earlier, a reverse image - that of a tree becoming the Cross.
The Tree is perhaps the most widespread of religious symbols in the spiritual history of. The Dream of the Rood: An Outstanding Archetype of Christian Influence on Anglo-Saxon Heroism - “The Dream of the Rood” is a prime example of Christian influence upon Anglo-Saxon heroism.
The Dream of the Rood c. Eighth Century Old English poem. The Dream of the Rood has been heralded by scholars as the finest expression of the Crucifixion theme in Old English poetry.
Imagery in The Dream of the Rood The Dream of the Rood is an Old English religious poem by an unknown author, which dates back to at least the tenth century.
It is an interesting piece for a variety of reasons, one of which is its use of word imagery to convey its subject matter.