See Article History Plague, infectious fever caused by the bacillus Yersinia pestisa bacterium transmitted from rodent s to humans by the bite of infected fleas. Plague was the cause of some of the most-devastating epidemics in history.
Prevention Bladder stones are caused when minerals build up in the bladder and form into small "stones. This article explains how bladder stones are formed. It also covers symptoms, treatments, and ways to reduce the risk of bladder stones. Fast facts on bladder stones Here are some key points about bladder stones.
More detail and supporting information is in the main article. Bladder stones are most common in men over the age of 50 Underlying medical conditions are often responsible for bladder stones Symptoms of bladder stones include a change in urine color and pain when urinating Bladder stones are rarer in women Bladder stones can be a cause of blood in the urine What are bladder stones?
Bladder stones can consist of a variety of minerals, accumulating in the bladder when urine is not fully removed during urination. Bladder stones, also called vesical calculus, or cystoliths, are caused by a buildup of minerals.
They can occur if the bladder is not completely emptied after urination. Eventually, the leftover urine becomes concentrated and minerals within the liquid turn into crystals. Sometimes, these stones will be passed while they are still very small.
Other times, bladder stones can get stuck to the wall of the bladder or ureter a pipe running from the kidney to the bladder. If this happens, they gradually gather more mineral crystals, becoming larger over time.
Bladder stones can stay in the bladder for some time and do not always cause symptoms. They are often found when an X-ray is carried out for a different medical reason.
Bigger bladder stones may need to be removed by healthcare professionals.
Sometimes just one stone will develop, in other cases a group of stones might form. The stones vary in shape; some are almost spherical while others can be irregular shapes.
The smallest bladder stones are barely visible to the naked eye, but some can grow to an impressive size. The largest bladder stoneaccording to Guinness World Records, weighed almost 4 pounds 3 ounces and measured Symptoms Bladder stones may not produce symptoms straight away.
But, if the stone irritates the bladder, symptoms can include the following: Discomfort or pain in the penis for males More regular urination or a stop-start flow Starting a stream during urination takes longer Pain in the lower stomach area Pain and discomfort when urinating Blood in the urine Cloudy or abnormally dark urine Causes Bladder stones start to grow when urine is left in the bladder after urinating.
This is often due to an underlying medical condition that stops the bladder from completely emptying when using the toilet. Conditions that stop the bladder from fully emptying include: If the nerves that run between the bladder and nervous system are damaged, for instance in a stroke or spinal injury, the bladder may not empty fully.
If the prostate is enlarged, it can press on the urethra and cause a disruption in flow, leaving some urine in the bladder. Bladder stones can be caused by catheters or other medical devices if they move to the bladder. Infections of the urinary tract or radiation therapy can leave the bladder enlarged.
Kidney stones can migrate down the ureters and, if too large to pass, they will remain in the bladder and can cause obstruction.
|Encyclopedia of||Renoprotective Kidney Protecting Tumor Necrosis Factor Alpha Inhibitor These 30 pharmacological actions are only a subset of a far wider number of beneficial properties intrinsic to the black seed. While it is remarkable that this seed has the ability to positively modulate so many different biological pathways, this is actually a rather common occurrence among traditional plant medicines.|
Kidney stones are more common than bladder stones. Pouches can form within the bladder. If the pouches grow to a large size, they can hold urine and prevent the bladder from being fully emptied.
In women, the bladder wall can become weak and drop down to the vagina; this can affect the flow of urine from the bladder. Risk factors Bladder stones develop most frequently in males over the age of Below are some of the factors that can increase the risk of bladder stones: Males develop bladder stones more often than females, especially as they get older.
People with serious spinal injuries and loss of muscle control in the pelvic region are unable to empty their bladder completely. Any condition that blocks the flow of urine from the bladder to the outside world. There are a few different ways that the bladder can be blocked, the most common is an enlarged prostate.
A type of surgery carried out to treat incontinence in women can lead to bladder stones. Complications Although some bladder stones do not produce any symptoms, they can still lead to complications if they are not removed.
The two main complications are: Frequent urination which is painful and uncomfortable. Sometimes, bladder stones can completely block urine from exiting the body.Pneumonic, septicemic, and bubonic plague are transmitted to humans from fleas that have fed on infected rodents.
Plague symptoms include swollen lymph nodes, fever, and chills. Get the facts on the history of plague (Black Death).
Plague, infectious fever caused by the bacillus Yersinia pestis, a bacterium transmitted from rodents to humans by the bite of infected rutadeltambor.com was the cause of some of the most-devastating epidemics in history.
It was the disease behind the Black Death of the 14th century, when as much as one-third of Europe’s population died. Huge pandemics also arose in Asia in the late 19th and. The seeds of the annual flowering plant, Nigella Sativa, have been prized for their healing properties since time immemorial.
While frequently referred to among English-speaking cultures as Roman coriander, black sesame, black cumin, black caraway and onion seed, it is known today primarily as black. Symptoms. Signs and symptoms of calciphylaxis include: Large purple net-like patterns on skin; Deep, very painful lumps that ulcerate creating open sores with black-brown crust that fails to heal — typically in skin areas with high fat content, such as the stomach and thigh, although they can occur anywhere.
Theories of the Black Death are a variety of explanations that have been advanced to explain the nature and transmission of the Black Death (–51). A number of epidemiologists and since the s have challenged the traditional view that the Black Death was caused by plague based on the type and spread of the disease.
The confirmation in and that Yersinia pestis DNA was. You’re on the toilet when, suddenly, you look down to see black specks in the stool..
“I’m dying”, you begin to think. Well, don’t worry- this symptom is much more common than you think.