Share This opinion piece was written by Lukas Savickas, an adviser to the prime minister of Lithuania. Since the pioneering work of Henry Gantt a century ago, project management has become a well-established way of ensuring work is delivered on time and within budget. Public sector organisations and government ministries have just as much need for timely and economical project completion.
A set of skills. Specialist knowledge, skills and experience are required to reduce the Project management within organisations of risk within a project and thereby enhance its likelihood of success. A suite of skills.
Various types of tools are used by project managers to improve the projects chances of success. Examples include document templates, registers, planning software, modeling software, audit checklist and review forms. A series of Processes. Various management techniques and processes are required to monitor and control time, cost, quality and scope on projects.
Examples include time management, cost management, quality management, change management, risk management and issue management. PMBOK Although the definitions are slightly different in their description, there core meaning is exactly the same and is widely accepted by the profession itself as an accurate statement.
Theory of Project Management To begin we need to understand what constitutes a theory. A theory consists primarily from concepts and casual relationships that relate these concepts Whetten This is not the first time it has been omitted, in their analysis of project management research, spanning forty years, Kloppenberg and Opfer have nothing to report on the theory of project management.
Project management as practiced today is indeed a theoretical process, however this theory is narrow and needs further development and enrichment. They argue that it is the lack of understanding and development of the theory that is a major problem associated with project management.
Thus they conclude that an explicit theory is the crucial and single most important issue for the future of the project management profession.
A theory of project management should be prescriptive and reveal how actions taken contribute to the set goals and objectives Kosela As a general basis there are three possible actions; Design of the system employed in designing and making Control of those systems in order to realize the production intended Improvement of those systems Project management and indeed all production has three kinds of goal; General product production Internal goals, such as cost minimization and level of utilization External goals, needs of customer, quality, flexibility and dependability Kosela basically argues that the theories of project are the same as theories of production.
The reasoning behind this is that project can be seen as a special type of production.
This is evident from the definition of a project according to the Project management Institute He defines the purpose of scope management as follows; An adequate or sufficient amount of work is done. Unnecessary work is not done The work that is done delivers the stated business purpose WBS From a theoretical viewpoint Turner claims the following; 1.
Project management is about managing work. Work can be management by decomposing the total work effort into smaller chunks of work, called activities and tasks PMBOK Guide 3. The conceptionalization and principle of decomposition serves three essential purposes of project management.
Although not specifically mentioned it is an implicit assumption associated with decomposition, this is that task are related if at all by sequential dependence.
When the PMBOK Guide is studied it reveals that activities and task are the unit analysis in the core project management processes, scope management, time management and cost management.
It also states that these management controls are centralized. This view is also supported by the description of Morris In other words, there is a set of resources which we call inputs. A transformation process operates on this set and releases it in a modified form which we call outputs.
The management of this transformation is what we mean by production management. This theory based on operations is an argumentative one, there is surprisingly, at present no clear academically or professionally agreed theory for project management as a discipline, which considering the quantity of projects undertaken and the financial expenditure of these project extremely surprising and if koskela is correct then a rather alarming omission on the part of a so called professional industry.
There are many other descriptions for the four phases however the content of each phase is universally agreed. The fast track approach does not adhere strictly to this phase on a macro level but does using a sequential design procurement package approach follow each phase accordingly.– The project management literature contains a growing body of research addressing information technology (IT).
Currently, the majority of these studies direct attention towards projects completed within private sector organizations. 6. Culture and Project Management bpayne and Adrienne Watt. What Is Organizational Culture? When working with internal and external customers on a project, it is essential to pay close attention to relationships, context, history, and the corporate culture.
An organization can grow and achieve success without a project management team in place. However, hiring a skilled professional to handle these aspects can open up new opportunities and help your company reach its goals faster. - An Analysis and Comparison of Projects Management within Government Organizations and Private Industries Table of Contents I.
Definition of a Project II. Definition of Project Success III. Building and Succeeding in a Project IV. Project team members typically located in the same office and project managers have a fair degree of independence and authority with the majority of the organization's resources involved in the project .
Risk Management is the process of identifying, analyzing and responding to risk factors throughout the life of a project and in the best interests of its objectives.
Proper risk management implies control of possible future events and is proactive rather than reactive.