Not sure how you are making a jump to "insulting.
There are thousands of examples of situations where people of color, white women, and working class women and men of all races who were previously excluded from jobs or educational opportunities, or were denied opportunities once admitted, have gained access through affirmative action. When these policies received executive branch and judicial support, vast numbers of people of color, white women and men have gained access they would not otherwise have had.
These gains have led to very real changes. Affirmative action programs have not eliminated racism, nor have they always been implemented without problems.
However, there would be no struggle to roll back the gains achieved if affirmative action policies were ineffective. Debates about affirmative action are about more than legal issues.
Taking action to end racism is the challenge and responsibility of every single person in our society, as well as of the institutions and organizations which have such a large impact on our lives. Yet today there is a vocal minority who want to stop affirmative action not only as a legal remedy, but also as a social commitment.
Now that affirmative action has led to some social changes there are those who are saying our society has gone too far in correcting racial injustice.
Of course, this vocal minority is not challenging traditional forms of preference and discrimination that favor the rich, the educated, white people and men. Affirmative action is practiced in many areas of our society in addition to leveling the playing field for people of color.
There are hiring and recruiting preferences for veterans, women, the children of alumni of many universities. There are special economic incentives for purchase of U.
Over many decades these practices have led to a huge over-representation of white people, men and people of middle, upper middle and upper class backgrounds in our universities, in well-paid jobs, and in the professions. One indication that attacks on affirmative action are part of a white backlash against equality is that affirmative action in the form of preferences that primarily benefit white people are not being questioned.
Affirmative action measures were established to fight racial discrimination. The federal government mandated affirmative action programs to redress racial inequality and injustice in a series of steps beginning with an executive order issued by President Kennedy in The Civil Rights Act of made discrimination illegal and established equal employment opportunity for all Americans regardless of race, cultural background, color or religion.
Subsequent executive orders, in particular Executive Order issued by President Johnson in Septembermandated affirmative action goals for all federally funded programs and moved monitoring and enforcement of affirmative action programs out of the White House and into the Labor Department.
These policies and the government action that followed were a response to the tremendous mobilization of African Americans and white supporters during the late s and early s pushing for integration and racial Justice. Initially, affirmative action was a policy primarily aimed at correcting institutional discrimination where decisions, policies and procedures that are not necessarily explicitly discriminatory have had a negative impact on people of color.
Affirmative action policies address and redress systematic economic and political discrimination against any group of people that are underrepresented or have a history of being discriminated against in particular institutions.
Beneficiaries of these programs have included white men and women, people with disabilities, and poor and working class people, but their primary emphasis has been on addressing racial discrimination. There is pervasive racism in all areas of U. For example, in Diane Sawyer with ABC- TV filmed two men, one African American and one white, who were matched for age, appearance, education, and other qualities.
They were followed for a day by a camera crew. The white man received service in stores while the African American was ignored, or in some cases, watched closely. The white man was offered a lower price and better financing at a car dealership. There were jobs where the African American was turned down, and apartments for rent after the African American man was told they were no longer available.
A police car passed the white man while he was walking down the street but it slowed down and took note of the African American.Aug 24, · Affirmative action increases the numbers of black and Hispanic students at many colleges and universities, but experts say that persistent .
Over the last thirty years, minorities have been given a better chance to succeed in America by way of Affirmative Action. Recently, there has been a surge of non-minority Americans claiming reverse racism. Mar 17, · Some minority students who get into a top school with the help of affirmative action might be better served by attending a less elite institution.
Mar 17, · The idea that affirmative action might harm its intended beneficiaries was suggested as early as the s, when affirmative action, a phrase introduced by . No, it means that the groups that are helped by Affirmative Action are given an opportunity to be compensated for hundreds of years of being marginalized and prevented from accessing the opportunities that have been made readily available to (most excessively) white males and, following that, white people in general.
And in promoting the “California Civil Rights Initiative,” a ballot measure that would ban all state affirmative action, Gov. Pete Wilson invokes King’s name more than preachers quote the Bible.