College and other academic papers nearly always require a bibliography to be included at the end of the paper, citing all sources. If you are writing a paper for a college course and used books in your research, you will need to know how to reference these books in the bibliography. However, before you begin, you should check with your professor as to which reference style he prefers.
Each citation is followed by a brief usually about words descriptive and evaluative paragraph, the annotation. The purpose of the annotation is to inform the reader of the relevance, accuracy, and quality of the sources cited. A good annotated bibliography strives to: A descriptive or informative annotated bibliography describes or summarizes a source as does an abstract, it describes why the source is useful for researching a particular topic or question.
An analytical or critical annotation not only summarizes the material, but it also analyzes the information presented. Abstract It should be noted that you the researcher are writing the annotation for each source that you add to your bibliography.
Abstracts are the descriptive summaries often found at the beginning of scholarly journal articles or periodical indexes. Annotations are meant to be descriptive and critical. An annotation is more than just your brief summary of an article, book, web site, or other type of publication.
An annotation should give enough information to make other readers decide whether to read the complete work. In other words, if the reader were exploring the same topic as you, would this material be useful?
If so, why would it be useful? The four step process Creating an annotated bibliography calls for the application of a variety of intellectual skills. This process begins with you choosing and downloading all of your sources. From that point, it is a repeating process of reviewing, citing, annotating for each source you have identified.
First, locate and record citations to books, periodicals, and documents that may contain useful information and ideas on your topic. You can use Google Scholar to get you started. Briefly examine and review the actual items.
Then choose those works that provide a variety of perspectives on your topic.
When possible, download the PDF for the article. I find that it is easier to skim through your materials once as you acquire them to understand general themes. This also helps you understand if you need to continue searching for other topics or themes. I find that it is easier to highlight text on the sources and leave comments in the PDF.
Third, as you reviewing each source, cite the book, article, or document using the appropriate style on a Google Doc.
I use a Google Doc to save and share my work. You can easily start up a new Google Doc and use that to write your annotated bibliography. Fourth, write a concise annotation that summarizes the central theme and scope of the book or article.
Include one or more sentences that a evaluate the authority or background of the author, b comment on the intended audience, c compare or contrast this work with another you have cited, d explain how this work illuminates your bibliography topic, e identify and special or unique features or quotes from the material, f describe any strengths, weaknesses, or biases in the content.
The finishing touches As previously stated, I prefer to quickly skim and possibly take notes as I choose my sources and download them. I usually work with multiple tabs across two screens as I work.
Use your annotations and comments to write your annotation. Repeat the process review, cite, annotate for each new source. Take time to review your completed product.Turabian Footnote/Endnote Style. Table of Contents: Books E-books Journal Articles (Print) If you need to cite an entire website in your bibliography, include some or all of the following elements, in this order: Purdue's Online Writing Lab (OWL) Excellent source for research, writing and citation tips.
An annotated bibliography is a list of citations to books, articles, and documents. Each citation is followed by a brief (usually about words) descriptive and evaluative paragraph, the annotation. The purpose of the annotation is to inform the reader of the relevance, accuracy, and quality of.
You have just been given an assignment to write an annotated bibliography. Before you begin, you need to know what exactly an annotated bibliography is and how to get started.
First, what is an annotation? An annotation is more than just a brief summary of an article, book, Web site or other type of publication.
An annotation should give. RESOURCES Information on Puerto Rican dance, music, history and culture can sometimes be hard to find here in the States. Our in-depth research began in and is a continuing effort! Write your bibliography A bibliography is a list of the resources you used to write your essay.
There are lots of different methods of writing bibliographies, but most secondary schools and universities use the ‘Author-date' (Harvard) system. An investigation is a project where the problem, or answer to a question, is solved.
When undertaking an investigation, a method is followed that allows for the testing of an idea, or finding a solution to a problem, which determines a clear conclusion to the problem or question asked.