A good discussion essay must include a thorough discussion of both sides of the topic. It should provide a well-rounded understanding of the issues before the writer presents his personal opinions and conclusions.
Why is your research important? What is known about the topic? What are your hypotheses?
What are your objectives? Materials and Methods 1. What materials did you use? Who were the subjects of your study? What was the design of your research?
What procedure did you follow? What are your most significant results?
What are your supporting results? Discussion and Conclusions 1.
What are the studies major findings? Open in a separate window Now that you have expanded your outline, you are ready for the next step: Many universities have a writing center where graduate students can schedule individual consultations and receive assistance with their paper drafts.
Getting feedback during early stages of your draft can save a lot of time. Talking through ideas allows people to conceptualize and organize thoughts to find their direction without wasting time on unnecessary writing. Outlining is the most effective way of communicating your ideas and exchanging thoughts.
Moreover, it is also the best stage to decide to which publication you will submit the paper. Many people come up with three choices and discuss them with their mentors and colleagues.
Having a list of journal priorities can help you quickly resubmit your paper if your paper is rejected. Create a detailed outline and discuss it with your mentor and peers. Continue with drafts After you get enough feedback and decide on the journal you will submit to, the process of real writing begins.
Copy your outline into a separate file and expand on each of the points, adding data and elaborating on the details. When you create the first draft, do not succumb to the temptation of editing.
Do not slow down to choose a better word or better phrase; do not halt to improve your sentence structure. Pour your ideas into the paper and leave revision and editing for later. Staring at an empty screen is frustrating, but your screen is not really empty: You have a template of your article, and all you need to do is fill in the blanks.
When scientists start writing a research paper, they already have their files with data, lab notes with materials and experimental designs, some visuals, and tables with results. All they need to do is scrutinize these pieces and put them together into a comprehensive paper.
Starting with Materials and Methods If you still struggle with starting a paper, then write the Materials and Methods section first. Since you have all your notes, it should not be problematic for you to describe the experimental design and procedures. Your most important goal in this section is to be as explicit as possible by providing enough detail and references.
In the end, the purpose of this section is to allow other researchers to evaluate and repeat your work.
So do not run into the same problems as the writers of the sentences in 1: Bacteria were pelleted by centrifugation. To isolate T cells, lymph nodes were collected. As you can see, crucial pieces of information are missing: The sentences can be improved when information is added, as in 2a and 2brespectfully: If your method has previously been published and is well-known, then you should provide only the literature reference, as in 3a.
If your method is unpublished, then you need to make sure you provide all essential details, as in 3b.How do I start my discussion chapter?
I was very stuck on what to do with my discussion since my paper is qualitative with no research at all and I need to make the discussion and limitations discrete sections. Am starting postgraduate and found it difficult on how to start writing my work.
Reply. Humidors says: March 18, at am.
For many scientists, writing a Discussion section is as scary as starting a paper. Most of the fear comes from the variation in the section. Since every paper has its unique results and findings, the Discussion section differs in its length, shape, and structure.
Keep the following sequential points in mind as you organize and write the discussion section of your paper: Think of your discussion as an inverted pyramid.
Organize the discussion from the general to the specific, linking your findings to the literature, then to theory, then to practice [if appropriate].
When writing the discussion. A discussion paper presents and discusses in depth the issues that surround a specific topic. When writing a discussion paper, you must include thorough discussion of both sides of the topic being debated, reliable research and evidence regarding the topic.
There should also be a solid understanding. The introduction must be organized from the global to the particular point of view, guiding the readers to your objectives when writing this paper. State the purpose of the paper and research strategy adopted to answer the question, but do not mix introduction with results, discussion and conclusion.
A discussion paper shows and discusses the issues that surround a specifically chosen topic. When writing this kind of paper, you must include thorough points of both sides of the topic being discussed, reliable fact-finding and evidence considering the topic.