History essay proposal

Pranks, Winks, and Knowing Artifice: Salinger, The Catcher in the Rye While enduringly popular with the American reading public, particularly young people and aspiring writers, the works of J.

History essay proposal

Abolishment of Janissaries Historical Question: How did Mahmud II abolish the Janissaries and what were its effects? From their foundation to their removal, the Janissary troops remained the backbone of the Ottoman army; they were perhaps the best organized and centralized army among their contemporaries in Europe when they were founded.

As a well-organized army located in the capital during peace times, the Janissaries held a considerable threat for their enemies both outside and inside of the state.

Janissaries had a key role in the Ottoman princes' crowning, and they usually used their power to crown the prince who they favored. They also initiated rebellions against Ottoman sultans who were acting against their interests, and they sided with common folk and ulema on these occasions. The reason for this alliance was that the janissary soldiers' held common interests with citizens; janissaries had alternative jobs such as shopkeepers because of the economic problems that the Ottoman state faced especially after sixteenth century, and the measures that Ottoman Sultans took affected both once distinct now embedded classes in similar ways.

Most of the sultans who tried to abolish or replace the Janissaries to increase their authority over state suffered from these different classes' alliance, and they were dethroned, and in some extraordinary cases like Osman II, were killed.

The historians such as Berkes, Lewis, and Shaw tend to explain these revolts against the Sultans as conservative acts of Janissaries and common folk who were against reformation and westernizationbut one should not forget that these rebellions were also reactions of the mentioned classes against increasing centralization and its limiting effects on their daily lives.

Selim III, who tried to implement the Nizam-i Cedid army and financed it with additional taxes, was dethroned by a rebellion that was supported by not only janissaries but also common folk.

Mahmud II learned from the mistakes of Selim III, and he never faced two different enemies at the same time when he tried to increase his authority. He first eliminated the notables except Mehmed Ali Pasha of Egypt with the help of Janissaries and common folk; then he initiated new troops named Sekbans with the approval from the ulema, which Selim III did not get for his European-style dressed Nizam-i Cedid Army.

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Mahmud formerly bribed some important figures from ulema and with the help of their networks, he presented the Bektashi characteristics of Janissaries to gain support from common folk, who were mostly Sunnis. Therefore, he managed to break the alliance between Janissaries and common folk; then with the aid of ulemas and theology students, he exterminated all Janissaries and brought a new level of state centralization.

The event was named "Vaka-yi Hayriye" Auspicious Incident by the state historians, but it also emphasized the Sunni Islamic characteristics of the state more than ever in its history. The Bektashi sect was banned in the Empire after this event and lots of regions in Balkans, where the Bektashi sect was most powerful, separated from Empire because of the increased pressure from central authority and its subjects' lack of religious bonds unlike the Sunni community in other regions.

The absence of a central army definitely decreased the power of the state and seeing the effects of "Vaka-yi Hayriye" in recent Ottoman history, it is debatable that which party benefited from the abolishment of Janissaries.Essay on long term goals education accounting stadt illustration essay rhetoric analysis essay essay judiciary system, pratahkal essays unity faith and discipline essay in english creativity in education essay paper analysis essay of a modest proposal urgent essays uk dodona research paper patriots and loyalists compare contrast essay is there.

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History Essay Topics Being granted the liberty of choosing your own history essay subject may seem like a splendid idea at first. However, as you begin your search, you might find this to be quite puzzling.

Effective Proposal-Writing Style (for History students) Contributed by B. Zakarin, Office of Fellowships, [email protected] Posted: Originally written for History students writing proposals for a senior honors thesis, but applicable to all proposal writing.

A superior History Research Proposal, however, does not only provide information to the readers, but should also astonish the researcher’s mentor. Informative and Persuasive A good History Research Proposal should not just persuade its readers but also inform and make them analyze all the facts discussed about the past. This is the key point of your history paper proposal, so make it easy for your professor to find. Be sure that your thesis has a point that can be adequately argued in the space alloted for the final paper word count and isn't considered an established fact. U.S. History/English Research Paper Topic List The following is a list of possible research paper topics. A research paper is not a report. Instead, it must deal with a .

U.S. History/English Research Paper Topic List The following is a list of possible research paper topics.

History essay proposal

A research paper is not a report. Instead, it must deal with a . This is the key point of your history paper proposal, so make it easy for your professor to find.

Effective Proposal-Writing Style (for History students): NuWrite - Northwestern University

Be sure that your thesis has a point that can be adequately argued in the space alloted for the final paper word count and isn't considered an established fact.

Effective Proposal-Writing Style (for History students) Contributed by B. Zakarin, Office of Fellowships, [email protected] Posted: Originally written for History students writing proposals for a senior honors thesis, but applicable to all proposal writing.

Sample Senior Essay Proposals | Department of English and Comparative Literature