Introduction Climate-smart agriculture CSA may be defined as an approach for transforming and reorienting agricultural development under the new realities of climate change Lipper et al. CSA aims to sustainably increase agricultural productivity and incomes from crops, livestock and fish, without having a negative impact on the environment.
Feeding your animals well increases your income. Dairy cows require a balanced diet for milk production, body maintenance and good health. No dairy cow, no matter how good the breed, can remain productive without proper management, especially feeding. The amount and quality of milk produced by the animal is largely affected by what it is fed on and how feeding is done.
If the cow is grazed in a farm with little pasture and water and housed in dirty sheds littered with cow dung and urine, the result is poor milk yield and incidences of diseases.
In addition to selecting good breeds, proper feeding, housing and handling of dairy cows are sure ways of getting good yields and income.
A good breed that receives good feed and clean water, proper housing and friendly and gentle care gives more milk and money. A poorly managed one gives less milk and the farmer incurs huge veterinary expenses that reduce profits. They know that for example, feeding dairy cows only on fodder like Napier grass and banana leaves and stems is not sufficient.
Although Napier grass is good for dairy cows, about 70 to 80 per cent of this fodder is composed of water, which means that the animals gets only 20 to 30 per cent dry matter. Nutrient and feed requirements of a dairy cow The feed requirements for lactating cows are different from that of calves and heifers.
The amount of feed provided to the cows depends on the amount of milk it produces, its weight, temperature and levels of activity.
Whatever the case, the cow needs balanced feeds that provide energy carbohydrates and fatsprotein, fibre, minerals, vitamins and water in sufficient amounts. The feed given must be digestible so that the nutrients can be absorbed in the body and should not contain toxic substances.
Provide fodder with enough dry matter Fodder crops like Napier grass are considered the most important feed in feeding dairy cattle as they provide energy for body maintenance, milk production, growth, weight gain and reproduction.
Fodder crops also contain roughage fibre which helps in digestion and improves the levels of milk fat. An animal can be given extra energy sources from mollases, maize and wheat germ. A mature cross breed cow weighs an average of kg.
Such a cow requires kg of fodder in a day if you are feeding Napier grass, ensure it is at least 3ft in height, any grass less than 3ft contains less dry matter and more water in it, which means that the cow may not get adequate nutrition when fed on such fodder.
This diet is commonly obtained from pasture grasses, fodder or silage. In simple terms, the cow needs a basal diet to fill its big stomach this diet provides the animal with energy. For dairy cows, goats or sheep, such diets provide roughage or fibre and form the bulk of the animal's daily ration.
The expected daily consumption of energy feeds depends on the quality of the feeds, the size of the animal, level of milk production, quantity of supplements given and dry matter content of the feed material.This section introduces a range of climate-smart agriculture (CSA) practices and technologies within seven entry points for CSA; soil management, crop management, water management, livestock management, forestry, fisheries and aquaculture, and energy rutadeltambor.comces are understood broadly as ways of doing things, for example, precision farming, tillage, and fertilization; these are all.
A market, or marketplace, is a location where people regularly gather for the purchase and sale of provisions, livestock, and other goods.
In different parts of the world, a market place may be described as a souk (from the Arabic), bazaar (from the Persian), a fixed mercado (), or itinerant tianguis (), or palengke (Philippines).Some markets operate daily and are said to be permanent markets.
Business Plan Dairyman Farm Bill & Mike Dairyman Foliage Hill Rd Anywhere, VT Bill oversees the total dairy business operation, with daily responsibilities for managing milking, milk house work, bookkeeping, and fieldwork.
We strive to produce high quality milk while using farming practices that have low impact on. Snail farming is not a new concept. From the prehistoric age, human has been consuming snail meat because of its high rate of protein, iron, low fat, and including almost all .
If you are looking for a sample dairy farming business plan template, here is a business plan for starting a dairy farm and free feasibility report you can use. DAIRY CATTLE FARM BUSINESS PLAN SAMPLE TEMPLATE [ PDF / DOC ] Starting a dairy farm can be a daunting experience, especially when there are no available tools to help the entrepreneur in charting the way to success.
This section introduces a range of climate-smart agriculture (CSA) practices and technologies within seven entry points for CSA; soil management, crop management, water management, livestock management, forestry, fisheries and aquaculture, and energy rutadeltambor.comces are understood broadly as ways of doing things, for example, precision farming, tillage, and fertilization; these are all.