Most people fell into one of three categories: Buddhist monks occupied their own niche and have traditionally been given a great amount or respect.
Cambodia The Society and Its Environment https: The takeover of the country by the communist Khmer Rouge see Appendix B inits violent aftermath, and the constant warfare between communist and noncommunist factions has resulted in widespread and major changes in the Cambodian social fabric.
The country was plunged into a dark age from which it was slowly emerging in the late s. Under the Khmer Rouge, the entire social structure of the country suffered radical and massive changes. An estimated 1 million to 2 million Cambodians died during the first three-and- one-half years of communist rule.
Traditional family life was violently disrupted and virtually abolished between and Nuclear families--the most important units of Cambodian society--were broken up and were replaced with communal groupings.
About 97 percent of the population was forced into communal economic programs. Urban dwellers were driven into the countryside in mass marches that caused great suffering and many deaths. Rural society was reorganized into interfamilial units known as krom groups. Urban Cambodians, ethnic minorities, and educated people suffered especially harsh treatment.
The ethnic Chinese, because they were engaged extensively in small businesses and were mainly urban dwellers, were targets for communist persecution, as were the Cham see Glossarya prominent ethnic minority group.
Educated people were special targets for extermination, and most of the teachers and physicians fled the country or were massacred. Those who showed evidence of Western influence, such as using the English language, were suspect.
Although freedom of religion was guaranteed in theory under the Khmer Rouge, in fact Buddhism and other religions were repressed ruthlessly.
Temples were destroyed or put to secular uses, and monks were defrocked and forced do manual labor. The Vietnamese invasion in December ameliorated the situation somewhat. The PRK allowed considerably more freedom than had its predecessor.
The regime was not pushing hard to convert the country, but was planning a gradual conversion instead. Religions were allowed to function. The government allowed Buddhist monks to return to their temples, although narrow limits were placed on those who could become monks and on aspects of ritual.
The education system, which had suffered almost total destruction under the Khmer Rouge, was reconstituted, and the number of students attending formal classes rose dramatically in the early s.
The public health service was functioning again in the mids, and modern medical services were available although trained medical personnel and some medicines continued to be in short supply.Cambodia - Society.
In the estimates varied from to million with possibly more than , Cambodians scattered in Thailand and abroad as refugees. A Cambodian is a native inhabitant of Cambodia. Ethnicity: Chinese, Vietnamese, Chams, Burmese, and Thai, through ancestry in Cambodia are Cambodians as well as the Khmer.
Cambodian: of or relating to or characteristic of Cambodia or its people or language. NOTE: The information regarding Cambodia on this page is re-published from The Library of Congress Country Studies and the CIA World Factbook.
No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Cambodia Society information contained here. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Cambodia The Society and Its Environment information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Cambodia The Society and Its Environment should be addressed to the Library of Congress and the CIA.
People and Society:: CAMBODIA ; Cambodia’s graduation from a low-income country will reduce its eligibility for foreign assistance and will challenge the government to seek new sources of financing. The Cambodian Government has been working with bilateral and multilateral donors, including the Asian Development Bank, the World .
Cambodia's history is marked with periods of peace and of great calamity. From its early cities to the introduction of Hinduism and Buddhism, the great kingdom of Angkor, colonialism, and the Khmer Rouge, this essay tries to put its current rebuilding of civil society in context of its incredible.