Mental health and well-being enables people to better cope with the normal stresses and daily challenges of life so they can work and study productively and make positive contributions to their families and communities.
TOP Aboriginal people appearing before this Inquiry have repeatedly expressed their concern that any overhaul of the justice system in Manitoba must also include a re-examination of the child welfare system. They see the child welfare and justice systems as being interconnected and interwoven.
The intrusion by child welfare authorities in the past has been paternalistic and colonial in nature, condescending and demeaning in fact, and often insensitive and brutal to Aboriginal people.
Aboriginal children have been taken from their families, communities and societies, first by the residential school system and later by the child welfare system.
Both systems have left Aboriginal people and their societies severely damaged. If Aboriginal people are correct, and we believe they are, part of the reason for the high numbers of Aboriginal people in correctional facilities is the fact that Aboriginal people still do not fully control their own lives and destinies, or the lives of their own children.
Aboriginal people must have more control over the ways in which their children are raised, taught and protected. Failing this, we are convinced we will see more, not fewer, Aboriginal people in our correctional facilities in the future. We will see more young Aboriginal people falling into a pattern that is becoming all too familiar.
It takes them from institution to institution, from foster home to young offender facility and, finally, on to adult jails. People there worry because they know their young people make up a significant proportion of their populations today.
The numbers of young people in these communities are increasing at a rate far higher than that of the general population.
Aboriginal people worry about the future survival of their languages, cultures and societies if yet another generation is swept into institutions and away from their communities.
It is for these and many other reasons that we have made a careful examination of the child welfare system. We felt it necessary because: No analysis of the justice system can be complete without understanding the devastating effect these relations, guided by government policies, have had on Aboriginal families.
For many Aboriginal societies, existing child welfare practices have ranked as a major destructive force to their families, communities and cultures.
We do not agree. We believe many of the reasons why the numbers of Aboriginal people are so disproportionately high in the child welfare system are the same as the reasons why they are so over-represented in the criminal justice system.
It would be impossible to present a complete picture of the criminal justice system, and the youth justice system, without also analysing the field of child and family services.
These systems, we believe, must work much more closely together. The needs and problems of Aboriginal families and communities are intertwined, and we feel we cannot separate them completely or relegate them to one system or the other.
The criminal justice system must move in a similar direction if it hopes to achieve similar success. Therefore, there is every indication that child and family services will play an increasingly important role in Aboriginal communities in the future.
We will identify some of these problems and offer suggestions to make this system more effective. TOP TOP An Historical Overview of Government-Aboriginal Relations For some time, governments have undertaken to serve neglected children by taking them into their care or by helping the families of these children through what we now call child welfare services.
Services may include family counselling, substance abuse counselling, assistance to an unmarried parent, or taking the child away from a disrupted home or family and placing the child in a foster home, a group home or with a new family, through adoption.
In Canada, each province is responsible for developing and maintaining its own child welfare system. Each province gets financial help from the federal government under the Canada Assistance Plan, which pays approximately half the costs of these programs.
At first glance, this system appears to be one most people would support and encourage. It is certainly a far cry from the way Western or European societies have treated children in the past.
Society took a very dim view of interfering with the manner in which the head of a household treated his children. Nevertheless, children were still subject to abuse and forced labour in mines and factories.
In the latter part of the s, they pressured governments to pass laws to make the lives of children better. Governments passed child labour laws and provided for public school systems.The University of Alberta is a Top 5 Canadian university located in Edmonton, Alberta, and home to 40, students in a wide variety of programs.
DESCRIPTION. The Ocean Endeavour is the perfect vessel for expedition cruising. Outfitted with twenty Zodiacs, advanced navigation equipment, multiple lounges, and a top deck observation room, she is purpose-built for passenger experiences in .
The purpose of our assessments.
We compare education earned outside of Canada to the general education ladder in Canada. ICES reports offer a general comparability of the years and levels of study.
The Stolen Generations (also known as Stolen Children) were the children of Australian Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander descent who were removed from their families by the Australian Federal and State government agencies and church missions, under acts of their respective parliaments.
The removals of those referred to as "half-caste" children . Risks and prevention. Factors that increase the risk of suicide and those that help prevent it. CHILD WELFARE.
Introduction Child Welfare and Education: An Historical Overview of Government-Aboriginal Relations. Special Treatment for Aboriginal Children.