The manifesto presents the social condition of the class struggle which is prevalent both in the historical events and present societal condition.
The Writings of Bertell Ollman Marx's Vision of Communism By Bertell Ollman I Marcuse argues that, in the middle of the twentieth century, utopia remains an impossible dream only to those theorists who use "the concept of 'utopia' to denounce certain socio-historical possibilities.
Today's production of goods and knowledge, together with accompanying skills, have transformed the utopias of an earlier time into practical alternatives to our everyday existence.
Recognition of these trends and their meaning has led to a renewed interest in Marx's vision of the communist society. Marx constructed his vision of communism out of the human and technological possibilities already visible in his time, given the priorities that would be adopted by a new socialist society.
The programs introduced by a victorious working class to deal with the problems left by the old society and the revolution would unleash a social dynamic whose general results, Marx believed, could be charted beforehand.
Projecting the communist future from existing patterns and trends is an integral part of Marx's analysis of capitalism, and analysis which links social and economic problems with the objective interests that incline each class to deal with them in distinctive ways; what unfolds are the real possibilities inherent in a socialist transformation of the capitalist mode of production.
It is in this sense that Marx declares, "we do not anticipate the world dogmatically, but rather wish to find the new world through the criticism of the old. And, while no one disputes the importance of Marx's vision of communism to Marxism, the vision itself remains clouded and unclear.
Responsibility for this state of affairs lies, in the first instance, with Marx himself who never offers a systematic account of the communist society. Furthermore, he frequently criticizes those socialist writers who do as foolish, ineffective, and even reactionary.
There are also remarks which suggest that one cannot describe communism because it is forever in the process of becoming: We can call Communism the real movement which abolished the present state of things. The conditions of this movement result from premises now in existence. Moreover, judging from an outline of what was to become Capital, Marx intended to present his views on communism in a systematic manner in the final volume.
The plan changed, in part because Marx never concluded his work on political economy proper, and what Engels in a letter to Marx refers to as "the famous 'positive,' what you 'really' want" was never written.
More specifically, and particularly in his earliest works, Marx was concerned to distinguish himself from other socialist for whom prescriptions of the future were the main stock-in-trade.
He was also very aware that when people change their ways and views it is generally in reaction to an intolerable situation in the present and only to a small degree because of the attraction of a better life in the future. Consequently, emphasizing communism could not be an effective means to promote proletarian class consciousness, his immediate political objective.
Finally, with only the outline of the future visible from the present, Marx hesitated to burden his analysis of capitalism with material that could not be brought into focus without undermining in the minds of many the scientific character of his entire enterprise.
Notwithstanding Marx's own practice and contrary to his implicit warning, in what follows I have tried to reconstruct Marx's vision of communism from his writings ofthe year in which he set down the broad lines of his analysis, to the end of his life.
Assembling these varied comments the communist society falls into place like the picture on a puzzle. It is a picture in which many pieces are missing and other so vague as to be practically undecipherable. Yet, what is left is a more complete and coherent whole than most people have thought to exist.
Despite some serious temptations, I have not gone beyond Marx's actual words in piecing together the components of the communist society.
Gaps and uncertainties are left untouched. On occasion, however, when all the evidence points to a particular conclusion, I am not averse to stating it. It is this effort to reconstruct Marx's vision of the future open to the same criticism that kept Marx from presenting his own views on this subject in a more organized manner?
I don't think so. No one today is likely to confuse Marxism, even with the addition of an explicit conception of communism, with other socialist schools whose very names are difficult to recall.
Whether describing communism can help raise proletarian class consciousness is a more difficult question. There is no doubt in my mind that getting works to understand their exploitation as a fundamental and necessary fact of the capitalist system, the avowed aim of most of Marx's writings is the "high road" to class consciousness.
It seems equally clear to me that the inability to conceive of a humanly superior way of life, an inability fostered by this same exploitation, has contributed to the lassitude and cynicism which helps to thwart such consciousness.
Viewed in this light, giving workers and indeed members of all oppressed classes a better notion of that their lives would be like under communism something not to be gleaned from accounts of life in present day Russia and China is essential to the success of the socialist project.
As for only being able to know the broad outlines of communism, this is as true now as it was in Marx's time. Still general and incomplete, the secret of the future revealed in Marx's masterly analysis of capitalist society is a secret whose time has come, and publicizing it has become another means of bringing the human fulfillment it portrays into existence.
II Marx divides the communist future into halves, a first stage generally referred to as the "dictatorship of the proletariat" and a second stage usually called "full communism.Summary The Communist Manifesto reflects an attempt to explain the goals of Communism, as well as the theory underlying this movement.
It argues that class struggles, or the exploitation of one class by another, are the motivating force behind all historical developments.
Communist Manifesto study guide contains a biography of Karl Marx, literature essays, a complete e-text, quiz questions, major themes, characters, and a full summary and analysis. The Communist Manifesto was published in Marx claims his analysis of class struggle explained "all hitherto existing society" (Section)—in other words, all history up to and including 18 This is no fairy tale or science fiction story.
Marx means business—well, okay, maybe not.
Analysis of the Communist Manifesto by Karl Marx and Fredrick Engels Words | 3 Pages Communist Manifesto by Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels explains the good parts of the communist system and how it should still apply to the future.
More Essay Examples on Communism Rubric. The Communist Manifesto was written by the communist Karl Marx in - Reflection on Karl Marx’s Communist Manifesto Essay introduction.
The manifesto presents the social condition of the class struggle which is prevalent both in the historical events and present societal condition. In The Com-munist Manifesto by Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels, the idea of communism is painted in a much different picture than what is depicted in the United States.
Although it was a controversial concept at the time, Marx published this work in , and he provided a .