An analysis of divine intervention in the iliad by homer

It is believed that he was invincible in battle because he was dipped by his mother Thetis in the river Styx.

An analysis of divine intervention in the iliad by homer

Elizabeth Minchin The Words of Gods: In this paper I examine the speech of the gods of Homer's Iliad from the social perspective of discourse analysis.

In investigating how the social alignments of the gods are managed--and disrupted-- through talk I study the speech acts that they use, the discourse options that they select, and the ways in which status, generational distinctions, gender, and divinity itself are reflected in their speech.

I demonstrate that Homer attributes to his gods many of the same speech habits that he attributes to his mortals. But the poet reserves some speech acts and some discourse modes for immortals, a way of asserting the difference of gods from men, in much the same way that a small number of novel lexical items reminds us that the gods are a race apart.

She has published on aspects of memory and, most recently, on exchanges of speech in the Homeric epics Homeric Voices: Homer's gods--the gods, that is, of the oral epic tradition which he inherited--are in so many ways different from Homer's men.

Homer tells us that the gods have their own name for the place which we know as Batieia; the river we know as Skamander; the bird that we identify as the kymindis; and for the giant whom they call Briareus, but whom we mortals call Aigaion.

But, given that the poet has been so careful to bring to our attention those occasional differences in lexicon that I noted above, I ask whether he carries his sense of difference through into other aspects of divine discourse.

In this paper I present, from the social perspective of discourse analysis, an account of how the gods communicate with each other using this language that they share with mortals.

I have checked the speech genres of divine discourse against the range of speech genres Homer's mortals use such as rebukes, supplication, and lament; requests, prayers, and supplication ;12 and I have looked for any genres used by gods alone.

I have also considered modes of communication, or 'discourse options', that is, the strategic choices that speakers make or, more accurately, that the poet makes for his speakers regarding the presentation of what they say: There are several sustained passages of divine discourse in the Iliad in 1.

The episode I have chosen includes both that lively account of the Dio;" ajpavth, the deception of Zeus, in Book 14, and its sequel, Zeus' resumption of control, at the beginning of Book Hera and Aphrodite Hera's plan to distract her husband from the battlefield to allow Poseidon to intervene on behalf of the Achaians will be realized through a series of verbal exchanges: After having bathed and dressed with care She is the butt of the teasing remarks that Athene addresses to Zeus 5.

The goddess prefaces her words with courteous preliminaries: Hera's warm address term and her elaborate preface set a tone of conciliation and apparent goodwill. Hera calculates that mild Aphrodite would not have the strength of conviction to answer 'yes' to her question ajrnhvsaio --'would you refuse' what I am about to ask?

And, indeed, Hera, in a semblance of deference, brings into the open the reason why Aphrodite might refuse her: At this point Aphrodite does not know precisely what she is to be asked. But she is disarmed by Hera's ingratiating approach: My heart is urgent to do it.

The request itself is delivered briskly Hera doesn't want Aphrodite to have time to change her mind. In this case Hera's statement of purpose is an invention, a false tale concocted for the moment.

Her narrative about her 'parents' for the purpose of this tale Tethys and Okeanos persuasively addresses themes appropriate to the concerns of Hera herself-- who presides over marriage--and, cunningly, to those of Aphrodite--who attends to the works of love.

The story she tells is convincing, too, as the sort of story a woman will tell--about family relationships and a woman's concern to set things right. But the negotiation that we observe on Olympos is more complex: What Hera wants is something that only Aphrodite has.

And Hera needs it now. So, although her status is higher, as Aphrodite acknowledges, Hera is temporarily at a disadvantage, because of her particular need and because of the pressure of time. Of course, Aphrodite is readily persuaded: Hera's bland smile to Aphrodite at meivdhsen expresses her gratitude; her private smile at meidhvsasa indicates her quiet satisfaction at the success of her strategy.

Hera and Zeus After her negotiations with Sleep which are omitted in this account Hera is ready to take on Zeus. Now equipped with Aphrodite's sash and Sleep's promise that he will help when the moment comes Hera makes her way to the peak of Mount Ida, to Gargaronwhere she finds her husband.

When Zeus asks her what she is doing there, she explains, dolofronevousa with false lying purpose,that she is planning to go to the ends of the earth and that before she goes, like a dutiful wife, she is asking his leave to undertake that journey Zeus, now preoccupied with desire, does not notice the uncharacteristic pretext when has Hera ever sought his permission before?

The reason for Hera's alleged mission is contained within the same false tale that she told Aphroditecf.

An analysis of divine intervention in the iliad by homer

On this telling it has particular resonance for Zeus:The Iliad is an epic poem and part of the ancient Greek oral tradition. Homer’s audience was an illiterate culture, and Homer himself was most likely illiterate. Many critics believe that . - The Role Of Zeus in Homer's Iliad In the era of Homer, divine intervention was thought to be typical, and one of his foremost works, The Iliad, reflects this.

Iliad The Essays, Free Iliad The Essays

Nearly all of the Greek gods are involved in the outcome of the Trojan War, which happens to be the background story of this epic poem. Much more useful than hypothetical speculations about the origin of Theocritus’ argument is a closer analysis of the way in which Homer is used here.

the divine intervention is only perceived by one person (cf. οἴῳ φαινομένη· τῶν δ In this passage from the Iliad, Homer tells how the goddess sent a . SuperSummary, a modern alternative to SparkNotes and CliffsNotes, offers high-quality study guides for challenging works of literature.

This page guide for “The Trojan War: A New History” by Barry Strauss includes detailed chapter summaries and analysis covering 11 chapters, as well as several more in-depth sections of expert-written literary analysis.

A Narrative Technique in Beowulf and Homeric Epic NARRATIVE TECHNIQUE IN BEOWULF AND HOMER In Beowulf, divine intervention is not the concrete and visual fact that it is in the Iliad and Odyssey.

Nonetheless, the intervention is clearly given credit for reversing the dire. Kakridis further asserts the relative incoherence of the motif of divine intervention in the Iliad’s case.

But when he claims that “Hector {14|15} did not need the assistance of Apollo in order to kill Patroclus.

The words of gods: divine discourse in Homer's Iliad | Elizabeth Minchin -