You might even call it downright bleak: But they do get a little entertainment: They chat about it, gossip, call people names It takes a while for his eyes to adjust, but gradually, he sees that there is a much brighter speck of light at the end of another tunnel.
In book seven of The Republic, Socrates tells Glaucon, who is his interlocutor, to imagine a group of prisoners who have been chained since they were children in an underground cave. Their hands, feet, and necks are chained so that they are unable to move.
All they can see in front of them, for their entire lives, is the back wall of the cave. Some way off, behind and higher up, a fire is burning, and between the fire and the prisoners above them runs a road, in front of which a curtain wall has been built, like a screen at puppet shows between the operators and their audience, above which they show their puppets.
These objects are projected onto the back wall of the cave for the prisoners to see. The prisoners come up with names for the objects; they are interpreting their world intelligible to them.
Hence, it is almost as though the prisoners are watching a puppet show for their entire lives. This is what the prisoners think is real because this is all they have ever experienced; reality for them is a puppet show on the wall of a cave, created by shadows of objects and figures.
Socrates goes on to say that one of the prisoners somehow breaks free of those chains. Then he is forced to turn around and look at the fire, which represents enlightenment; recognising your ignorance. However, after his eyes adjust to the firelight, reluctantly and with great difficulty he is forced to progress out of the cave and into the sunlight, which is a painful process; this represents a different state of understanding.
Plato uses light as a metaphor for our understanding, and our ability to conceive of the truth. So the prisoner progressed past the realm of the firelight, and now into the realm of sunlight. The first thing he would find easiest to look at is the shadows, and then reflections of men and objects in the water, and then finally the prisoner is able to look at the sun itself which he realises is the source of the reflections.
The prisoners do not want to be free because they are comfortable in their own ignorance, and they are hostile to people who want to give them more information.
The people in the cave represent us as a society, and Plato is suggesting that we are the prisoners in the cave looking at only the shadows of things. However, the cave also represents the state of humans; we all begin in the cave.
Like the prisoners chained in the cave, each human being perceives a physical world that is but a poor imitation of a more real world. But every so often, one of the prisoners gets free from the shackles of sense experience, turns around, and sees the light! The outside world is represented as the world of ideas, thoughts, and reality — by the world of Ideas, Plato is talking about the non-physical forms, and that these non-physical forms represent a higher, more accurate reality.
This reality can only be accurately discerned through reason, not the physical senses. Here Plato is implying that when getting an education there is a struggle involved.
He is telling us about our struggle to see the truth, and to be critical thinkers. We want to resist; ignorance is bliss in many ways because knowing the truth can be a painful experience, so in some ways it is easier to be ignorant. The person who is leaving the cave is questioning his beliefs, whereas the people in the cave just accepted what they were shown, they did not think about or question it; in other words, they are passive observers.
The allegory of the cave shows us the relation between education and truth. For Plato, the essential function of education is not to give us truths but to dispose us towards the truth.
But not all education need necessarily be about the truth. It can be seen as capacity building: One purpose of the allegory of the cave is to show that there are different levels of human awareness, ascending from sense perception to a rational knowledge of the Forms and eventually to the highest knowledge of all, the knowledge of the Good.
Therefore, as our conception of truth changes, so will our education. He believed that we all have the capacity to learn but not everyone has the desire to learn; desire and resistance are important in education because you have to be willing to learn the truth although it will be hard to accept at times.
The people who were carrying the objects across the walkway, which projected shadows on the wall, represent the authority of today, such as the government, religious leaders, teachers, the media etc. The person who forced the prisoner out of the cave and guided them could be interpreted as a teacher.
Socrates compares a teacher to a midwife, for example, a midwife does not give birth for the person, however a midwife has seen a lot of people give birth and coached a lot of people through it, similarly, a teacher does not get an education for the student, but can guide students towards the truth: Plato believed that you have to desire to learn new things; if people do not desire to learn what is true, then you cannot force them to learn.
The prisoner had to have the desire and persistence to learn. In the same way, students themselves have to be active — nobody can get an education for you; you have to get it for yourself, and this will sometimes be a painful process.
A teacher can fill students with facts, but it is up to the student to understand them.The Allegory of the Cave, or Plato's Cave, was presented by the Greek philosopher Plato in his work Republic (a–a) to compare "the effect of education (παιδεία) and the lack of it on our nature".
The Allegory of the Cave, or Plato's Cave, was presented by the Greek philosopher Plato in his work Republic (a–a) to compare "the effect of education (παιδεία) and the lack of it on our nature". In Book VII, Socrates presents the most beautiful and famous metaphor in Western philosophy: the allegory of the cave.
This metaphor is meant to illustrate the effects of education on the human soul. Education moves the philosopher through the stages on the divided line, and ultimately brings him to the Form of the Good.
26 - Ain't No Sunshine: The Cave Allegory of Plato's Republic Posted on 27 March The most famous work of Plato is the "Republic" and its most famous passage is the allegory of the cave.
This entire allegory, I said, you may now append, dear Glaucon, to the previous argument; the prison-house is the world of sight, the light of the fire is the sun, and you will not misapprehend me if you interpret the journey upwards to be the ascent of the soul into the intellectual world according to my poor belief, which, at your desire, I have expressed whether rightly or wrongly God knows.
The Allegory of the Cave is a story from Book VII in the Greek philosopher Plato's masterpiece The Republic, written in rutadeltambor.com is probably Plato's best-known story, and its placement in The Republic is significant, because The Republic is the centerpiece of Plato's philosophy, and centrally concerned with how people acquire knowledge about beauty, justice, and good.