His father was a carpenter and farmer. When Abraham was 7, the family moved to southern Indiana.
He is widely considered to be the father of modern African American art. Both of his parents were highly creative as individuals. Douglas had many siblings, but outpaced them all in his eagerness for knowledge and new horizons.
When Douglas announced his intention to pursue a college education, his parents were supportive but too poor to offer any financial assistance. In order to raise the necessary funds, he left for Detroit, Michigan, in search of work on the growing assembly lines of the automotive industry He was able to secure work as a bottom-of-the-ladder laborer, but it was adequate to keep him going.
Privately, Douglas drew still-life scenes and portraits of urban life to satisfy his restless creativity His small batch of drawings was enough to convince the art department at the University of Nebraska to allow him admission, even though he had no transcripts from his earlier education.
In college, Douglas turned his appreciation for literature from traditional, European-influenced books, toward the more politicized works of WE.
Du Bois and the growing number of African American writers confronting the reality of race in America. Intimations of poverty, oppression, and the struggle for freedom and equity began to seep into his artwork. After graduating with a bachelor of fine arts degree inDouglas accepted a teaching position at Lincoln High School in Kansas City, Missouri.
He discovered that he had both a passion and a gift for teaching, but he could not escape the sense that, should he settle into such a life, he would forfeit his own potential. Inhaving never been to New York City and having no family or friends in the area, Douglas moved to Harlem to pursue a career as a working artist.
In need of a job, he took his portfolio to the office of Crisis magazine, the journal of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, which was edited by Du Bois.
But the agreement was that opportunities to provide illustrations for the magazine would be forthcoming. When Douglas infused bold, African motifs into his work, Du Bois quickly realized that he was capable of lending powerful visual weight to the essays on African American life in Crisis.
Once Douglas had established himself as a successful artist, he felt comfortable enough, into marry Alta Sawyer, a woman he had been courting for some time.
The following year, Douglas was made art director of Crisis, and his illustrations regularly graced the cover. The powerful, African-inspired geometric designs that he combined with iconic and strong black figures ignited the imagination of the Harlem Renaissance.
The movement centered on literature, but in each new work by Douglas, a sense of pride and inner strength among Blacks was plain to see. His impressive creative output was rewarded with a study fellowship in Pennsylvania inand then a year-long fellowship in Paris. Inspired by the salon atmosphere in France, Douglas and his wife opened their Harlem home to friends and peers on a regular basis.
Their home became a chief gathering point for the artistic and cultural elite of the Renaissance. But the Great Depression of took a heavy toll on New York and Harlem, and the lively spirit of progress began to wane in the following years as people turned to the business of surviving personal and financial hardships.
Unlike many others, Douglas had steady work in the early s. He received several large commissions for notable frescoes and murals, including one for a library at Fisk University in Nashville, Tennessee. Byadministrators at Fisk had convinced him to return and establish an art department at the university.
Douglas remained in Nashville, heading the department, until he retired in His wife died in March 21, Magic Biography is a website with 2, brief biographies on the most important Magicians in history.
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Frederick Douglass was born in February on the eastern shore of Maryland. His exact date of birth remains unknown.
His mother, from whom he was separated at an early age, was a slave named Harriet Bailey. She named her son Frederick Augustus Washington Bailey.
He never knew or saw his father.